GRID-BASED LAYOUT METHOD FOR WEB DESIGN IN BRISBANE

With any beautiful design or structure, from architecture to painting, there lies beneath it a grid-based layout from which these creations were originally derived. It is, in essence, the unseen mathematical component of all design that, for many web designers, has become standard in the pursuit for the perfect web design.

To understand what a grid-based layout for web design is, we first need to understand why it is referred to as “grid-based.” A grid is a structure consisting of intersecting straight vertical and horizontal guidelines that are made up of margins, flow-lines, columns, rows, gutters, modules, and spatial zones. This potentially complex composition provides the perfect structural base that allows a web designer to create graphic elements from, or to organise content within. It is this reason that grid-based layout is used in web design.

By using grids in the website design a sense of uniformed structure is achieved for the overall website, this helps achieve better usability for website visitors as they are able to navigate and engage with the website much easily than if the content was simply thrown together without structure. Another reason grid-based layouts are used is efficiency. By designing to a grid, the actual design process is simplified because design guidelines are already in place, therefore making it easier to decide on design elements, such as width and height.

When using grid-based layouts in our web design, we can either create our own grid, or download a ready-made grid template. If we create our own grid, we will need to rely on what option works best for us and the web design project we are working on. It is therefore valuable to follow some simple guidelines when creating our own grids. These are:

• Use only enough columns as needed for the web design. In other words, if you are only going to use ten columns, then only create ten columns – and not twenty.
• Watch the spacing. As a general rule, columns should have the same number of pixels across as rows are high.
• Don’t box yourself in. If you need to move outside of the grid for specific graphic elements, then do so. A grid is only there for structural support, and is not the end product.

If creating your own grid-based layout isn’t appealing, or you simple do not have the time to invest in it, then downloading a pre-designed grid template is available. There are many online sources that provide such templates, and by downloading a grid template you can save on time and have, at your disposal, an effective grid template ready to use.

It is important to re-emphasise that grid-based layouts for web design should not be mistaken for a strict rule by which all graphic elements or content must adhere to. Naturally, when creating anything we can move beyond specific rules in order to achieve our creative goal, and grid-based layouts are no different. If we use grids as a structural guide in our web design, then we are better able to create amazing web designs that will not only appear organised on our web page, but will hopefully inspire and engage every website visitor. Article from, web design brisbane

 

 

 

The 8 most common causes of lower back pain

The lower back is critical to our function as a human being. It provides structural support as well as enabling movement in all directions. The lower back is primarily responsible for forward and backward movements and also allows sideways bending and rotation. Another critical function of the lower back is to protect the tissues of the nervous system, spinal column as well as the organs of the pelvis and stomach. As such an essential aspect of our lives it is also susceptible to a number of injuries that cause us pain. The top 8 most common causes are outlined below.

8. Bone Injuries
Fractures of the lumbar spine usually occur after a traumatic event such as a fall or motor vehicle accident. If the fracture is unstable, risk of damage to the spinal cord and permanent paralysis is extremely high. Patients are stabilised and immobilised for long periods. If the fracture is stable patients are treated with rest and pain relief. In some cases people with osteoporosis, or those taking medication such as cortisone long term, can be susceptible to fractures even with minimal stress on the spine. This may cause a crush fracture where the vertebrae loses some of its height. Pain can be severe and is often aggravated by movement.

7. Congenital Inherited Conditions
Some of the common inherited conditions that cause lower back pain include scoliosis which is a sideways curve of the spine, sometimes caused when one leg is shorter than the other (functional scoliosis). You can also get structural scoliosis which is a fixed sideways curve often due to unknown factors, more common in women. Another common congenital cause of lower back pain is a forward slip of the lower lumbar vertebrae on top of the sacrum. This is referred to as spondylolisthesis, which in some cases can be associated with fractures of the joining bones in the vertebrae and is known as a pars defect.

6. Bone Encroachment
Sometimes when the bony canal of the spinal cord and the spaces that the nerves exit can be narrowed by bone spurs or other soft tissues. This can cause sciatic pain which radiates down the leg. Often pain from narrowing of the spinal canal gets worse with walking and improves with rest.

5. Arthritis
Arthritic changes and inflammation can affect the lumbar vertebrae as well as sciatic joints and can commonly cause lower back pain and stiffness, which is often worse in the morning. Degeneration can also affect the disc and is known as sponydolosis. This shows up on x-rays as narrowing of the lumbar disc joint space.

4. Lumbar Radiculopathy – Damage to a Disc
When the disc is injured or weakens over time the outer rim can bulge or rupture (herniate), putting pressure on the spinal cord and/or the nerves exiting the bones. This can produce both local low back pain as well as sciatica characterised by pain down the leg. It can also be associated with pins and needles, numbness and weakness. In more serious cases, patients may experience problems with bladder and bowel function. They should seek medical attention immediately.

3. Nerve Irritation
The nerves exiting the bones of the lower back can be irritated by pressure from bone, soft tissue, as well as inflammation. Pain can be both local, as well as radiating down the leg.

2. Tendon and Ligament Strains
The soft tissues supporting and connecting the bones of the lower back can be stretched or injured in a number of ways. Commonly there is some sort of microscopic tear of varying degree which is often caused by an acute injury or overuse.

1. Muscle Strain
The most common form of lower back pain is of muscular origin. Muscle pain can be brought on by poor posture, overuse, improper use, sustained positions and even trauma. It is so common because not only is it the primary cause of most lower back pain, it is a significant component of all the other causes of lower back pain. This is because with arthritic changes, structural changes, such as curvature of the lower back, disc disease or even ruptures will all sensitise the muscles. This is why it is essential to understand muscle pain specifically, to learn strategies for prevention as well as self-management long term.

If you, your friend or family member suffer from back pain please do not hesitate to contact one of our friendly Camp Hill physiotherapists on 07 3847 8040. Our Camp Hill physios can also provide treatment from our Camp Hill Physiotherapy practice in Brisbane.

The Best Retaining Walls in Mackay

If you need retaining walls Mackay , be sure to use Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes. These retaining walls are sure to last you a long time. The soil it contains will not erode and it will not break down. It ensures that you have more control over the land that you build on, and ensures the safety of the people who live and go near it.

First of all, the company’s services are fast! You would not believe it. Other companies might take a long time to construct retaining walls, making a lot of noise and raising so much dust that you might not want to be near there, much less live there, while it is being built. The Block Blokes can build your retaining walls in a fraction of the time, letting you do more.

The construction materials are all made locally. There will be no extra costs because of shipping and transport because all of the things the company will use are available nearby. This reduces the cost substantially – shipping and transport can get really expensive depending on the weight, fragility, and other factors of the cargo.

Speaking of costs, Mackay Fencing will save you a lot compared to other companies. Not only will they save you so much time, they will save you half of the money – or more! You could spend the money you saved on other developments for your property – to make it look good, to give it more facilities and protection, et cetera. The type of retaining walls that Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes uses is the cantilever style, which uses a lot fewer materials than the gravity wall.

The people at Mackay Fencing care a lot for your aesthetic tastes. Your property deserves to look the best it can, after all. Mackay Fencing’s the Block Blokes have a variety of designs that you can choose from so that your new retaining walls will not look plain, drab, or God forbid, dirty. Among their designs is wood texture, if you want the walls to contain a garden; blocks, for that friendly, clean look; lined slate, for a no-nonsense secure impression, and more. You could have them leave it as a clean, flat, blank wall so that you could paint your artworks on it yourself if you so wished. Their walls look good and clean – only the best for their customers.

If you are worried about your retaining walls getting destroyed by nasty little creatures, then you have nothing to fear. Mackay Fencing can guarantee that your walls are fully protected against termites and pests. Rats and other vermin are going to crack their teeth on your new retaining walls if they try to gnaw on it. You won’t soon be seeing holes or cracks in your restraining walls if you use Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes.

In case you’re still in doubt of their abilities, look them up in the yellow pages. Mackay Fencing is the only one in the yellow pages listed as Master Builders. And they are. Their customers are completely satisfied with their work, and they have been working for sixteen years already – a sign of assured quality. Mackay Fencing follows no standard but their own, for they set the standard other fencing and retaining wall companies.

Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes are meant to withstand the test of time. The construction is very solid. The type of wall used is the cantilever style, which uses an anchor to the ground and not to the soil it retains, making it more reliably sturdy. It would take a very strong force to knock a hole in one of their retaining walls, and much more to destroy it. You could take a car and run into one of their retaining walls and the wall wouldn’t be damaged! Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes make more than just solid and sturdy retaining walls – they make walls that will last.

You won’t be able to find any other company whose retaining walls are like Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes – at least, not without giving out much more money and inconveniencing yourself with the noise and the construction dust and debris. There is no better company for your retaining walls than Mackay Fencing’s. Mackay Fencing’s The Block Blokes is unique.

Things to know before you buy night lights

Night Lights are small light resources that are kept on during the night. The intention behind using night lights is to help people find their way in the dark or to help individuals who are afraid of the dark. While choosing the best night lights for you, it is necessary to consider two things: how bright you want these lights to be and howimportant is energy efficiency to you.

What type of night lights are available on the market?

Incandescent Night Lights
The most common night lights use the traditional incandescent bulb. This type of bulb uses a wire filament for the production of light and is not much energy efficient. Most of the incandescent night lights come in the 5-10 watt range.

Fluorescent lights
A fluorescent night light uses almost the same amount of energy to provide a better light output. These lights use about 7 watts of power.

Neon lights
Neon Light offers an energy-efficient alternative by using just about 1 watts of energy. Neon lights carry a small amount of neon gas, which lights up when electricity goes through it. These lights are just outlet-mounted strips that have an electro-luminescent surface. Just like glow-in-the-dark paint or stickers, these night lights emit light while using a negligible amount of power, which is less than even .07 watts.

Things to consider before you buy night lights

The way these lights are powered
Most important thing to consider when buying a night light is how they are powered. Most of the lights are made to be plugged into a wall outlet. However, it is also possible to buy a design that is powered by a battery.

The type of bulb used
One important thing to consider when buying a night light is the kind of bulb used. Night lights that use incandescent bulbs are less energy efficient compared to other designs. Though night lights that use luminescent bulbs are less energy efficient, they produce a much brighter light. They’ll also last considerably longer than their incandescent counterparts will.

Features to look out for

Sensor
Some lights have photosensitive triggers in them that automatically turn off the light when there is an ambient light source present and when bigger overhead lights are on. This sensor also detects the darkness and turns on the light automatically. There are also lights available with sound sensors.

Power modes
Some manufacturers of lights and bulbs also make bulbs with two different modes. In their power mode, they act as a standard 60-watt bulb that gives off enough light to light up the room. In their second energy-saving mode, which may be reached by flipping the switch twice or after twenty minutes of waiting, the bulb automatically dims itself to a 7- W bulb, which is perfect for a night light.

Programmable
Buying a programmable night light will allow you to fix the number of hours for which the light will be operational. This makes these lights much more energy efficient.

Music
Some night lights also play music to assist you in falling asleep. There’re also designs available that have the ability to play specific music. With these kinds of night lights, it is best to select a model that comes with a timer so that it turns off automatically after ten or fifteen minutes.

These were just a few tips to help you make the right decision when you are out to buy night lights. If you want your night lights to be energy efficient, look for ones that use neon bulbs.

Shrink Wrap Film – Retailers Love It

Manufacturers across the divide continue to produce quality products. We are all too familiar, with the attractive transparent packaging of toys, imported fruits, clothes, pens amongst other things. Unlike the previous times, customers can still have a glimpse into their prospective purchases, carefully examining them without necessarily compromising their state or quality (food).

It is as a result of these demands that the shrink film was developed. In the formative years; we were all accustomed to the brown paper bags which had our tree population on the decline. Subsequent move to the opaque store-name-christened polythene was a further disservice. Then came the perfect solution to all these problems, the shrink film.Initially, the shrink film was exclusively made from PVC (Polyvinylchloride).This is a plastic polymer (third most used plastic in the world) that had the capability of sealing products with a thin layer of plastic sheet. These sheets were often transparent to allow the customer have a view of the product.

The sheet would be wrapped over the product and passed over a heat tunnel or a heat gun. Normally, the length or circumference of the product would be measured, 10% of this value would be added then the sum is divided by two, this would give the size of PVC shrink wrapping to be used. PVC has the ability to shrink by 40% percent giving the packaging a tight grip of the product.

However, with time it was noticed that PVC could release small amounts of hydrogen chloride giving the products a characteristic smell in addition to poisoning. The sealers also would have small carbon deposits. The presence of a plasticizer in PVC had the drawback of hardening and shrinkage during cold weather and extreme stetching with subsequent temperature increases.

These drawbacks meant a suitable shrink film devoid of a plasticizer be developed. Polyolefin was found to have the packaging abilities of PVC but lacked the setbacks that faced the latter. It became a preferred choice of packaging. Offering a stronger seal and fewer odours. Its lack of plasticizer meant no physical changes to the shrink film. It would become the perfect storage solution; all weather .Lack of chlorine in its polymer meant no hydrogen chloride previously characteristic of PVC.

However, while its predecessor PVC enjoys machine compatibility and low cost purchases, polyolefin is the opposite, it remains relatively expensive and hard to use alongside machines.PVC on the other hand remains a suitable choice for manufacturers who don’t deal with edible products. Owing to its cheap price and machine compatibility it is a manufacturers darling.

It is of note that, both polymers are ideal for different packaging purposes. The choice of shrink film is determined by the product, budget and level of technology the producer in question has.

The undeniable fact is, packaging being the cornerstone of branding and advertising can be responsible for high sales volume or the reverse. Manufacturers and producers alike are today faced with the tough task of choosing the ideal packaging material. In the end the functionality of the shrink wrap can only be determined by the manufactures and producers.